Dictionary of Traditional Agriculture: English-French-Chinese-Japanese

fruit trees attached to open trellis (and not to wall)

Contre-espalier
France, 19th century (end). G. Nicholson et S. Mottet, Dictionnaire pratique d’horticulture et de jardinage, Paris, 1893-1894, vol. 2.
contre-espalier
fruit trees attached to open trellis (and not to wall)
副樹檣、樹檣と平行に置かれた果樹の支えとなる柵、垣根、副樹檣の支えを受けた果樹の列
 ふくじゅしょう、じゅしょうとへいこうにおかれたかじゅのささえとなるさく、かきね、ふくじゅしょうのささえをうけたかじゅのれつ
果樹的網狀整形
果树的网状整形
guoshu de wangzhuang zhengxing

Other illustrations

Contre-espalier
France, 20th century (1922). Larousse agricole, dir. E. Chancrin, R. Dumont, vol. 1, Paris, 1922.